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1997 PCED OBDII-A SECTION 1A: Description and Operation
Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S
) Monitor [Oxygen Sensor (O2S) Monitor]
Note: The 1.3L Aspire uses an upstream non-heated Oxygen Sensor (O2S).
The HO2S/O2S Monitor is an on-board strategy designed to monitor the HO2S/O2S sensors for a malfunction or deterioration which can affect emissions. The fuel control or upstream HO2S/O2S is checked for proper output voltage and response rate (the time it takes to switch from lean to rich and vice versa). Except on Aspire, the HO2S
heater circuit is monitored by detecting proper voltage change as the heater is turned on and off. Downstream HO2S
used for Catalyst Monitor are also monitored for proper output voltage. The illustration below shows that input is required from the ECT
, MC-VAF for 2.5L Probe, and CKP
sensors to activate the HO2S/02S Monitor. The Fuel System Monitor and Misfire Detection Monitor must also have completed successfully before the HO2S/O2S Monitor is enabled. Except on Aspire, some of the HO2S
Monitor checks are also performed during on demand self-test.
The HO2S/O2S sensor senses the oxygen content in the exhaust flow and outputs a voltage between zero and 1.0 volt. Lean of stoichiometric (air/fuel ratio of approximately 14.7:1), the HO2S/O2S will generate a voltage between zero and 0.4 volt. Rich of stoichiometric, the HO2S/O2S will generate a voltage between 0.5 and 1.0 volt. The HO2S/O2S Monitor evaluates both the upstream (fuel control) and downstream (Catalyst Monitor) HO2S
for proper function.
Once the HO2S/O2S Monitor is enabled, the upstream HO2S/O2S signal voltage amplitude and response frequency are checked. Excessive voltage is determined by comparing the HO2S/O2S signal voltage to a maximum calibratable threshold voltage. A fixed frequency closed loop fuel control routine is executed and the upstream HO2S/O2S voltage amplitude and output response frequency are observed. A sample of the upstream HO2S/O2S signal is evaluated to determine if the sensor is capable of switching or has a slow response rate. Except on Aspire, a HO2S
heater circuit fault is determined by turning the heater on and off and looking for a corresponding change in the Output State Monitor (OSM) and by measuring the current going through the heater circuit. The HO2S/O2S Monitor DTCs can be categorized as follows:
The DTCs associated with HO2S/O2S lack of switching are DTCs P1130, P1131, P1132, P1150, P1151 and P1152. For the 1.3L Aspire and 2.5L Probe the DTCs are P0134, P0140, P0154, P0160, P1170, and P1173.
The DTCs associated with HO2S/O2S slow response rate are DTCs P0133 and P0153.
The DTCs associated with HO2S/O2S signal circuit malfunction are DTCs P0131, P0136, P0151 and P0156. The DTCs for the 1.3L Aspire and 2.5L Probe are P0130 and P0150.
The DTCs associated with a HO2S
heater circuit malfunction are DTCs P0135, P0141, P0155 and P0161.
associated with the downstream HO2S
not running in on-demand is DTC
P1127 (Except 1.3L Aspire and 2.5L Probe).
The DTCs associated with swapped HO2S
connectors are DTCs P1128 and P1129 (Except 1.3L Aspire and 2.5L Probe).
is activated after a fault is detected on two consecutive drive cycles.